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Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology 2004;11(1):44-53.
Published online May 1, 2004.
Usefulness of B-type Natriuretic Peptide Assay in Predicting Symptomatic Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Preterm Infants.
Hee Sun Lee, Wook Sun Choi, Byung Min Choi, Kee Hyoung Lee, Baik Lin Eun, Kee Hwan Yoo, Young Sook Hong, Chang Sung Son, Joo Won Lee
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea. cbmin@korea.ac.kr
미숙아에서 임상 증상이 있는 동맥관 개존을 예측하기위한 B-type Natriuretic Peptide 검사의 유용성
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Abstract
PURPOSE
Earlier and accurate identification of preterm infants who are likely to develop hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) would allow for early prophylaxis and thus minimize the risk of neurologic and respiratory morbidity. The purpose of this study is to clarify the usefulness of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) as an early biochemical predictive marker of subsequent symptomatic PDA (sPDA) in preterm infants.
METHODS
Clinical and echocardiographic findings of PDA were evaluated at 24 and 48 hours of age in 69 infants ranging from 25 to 34 gestational weeks of age. Plasma BNP concentrations were simultaneously measured with a Triage(R) BNP test kit (Biosite Diagnositics, San Diego, California, U.S.A.). When two or more clinical symptoms of PDA and large ductal shunt from echocardiographic findings were found, sPDA was diagnosed and treated with indomethacin. RESULTS: The mean BNP level in sPDA group (N=22) was significantly higher than that of control group (N=47) at 24 and 48 hours. BNP levels were significantly correlated with the magnitudes of the ductal shunt, such as the ratio of left atrial to aortic root diameter and the diastolic flow velocity of the left pulmonary artery. At 24 hours of age, a cutoff BNP value of 468.5 pg/mL had a sensitivity of 90.9%, a specificity of 74.5% and a positive predictive value of 95.2% for prediction of sPDA (area under ROC curve: 0.908, P<0.001, 95% CI: 0.840 to 0.977). CONCLUSION: Rapid BNP assay allows early prediction of subsequent sPDA that may require treatment in preterm infants.
Key Words: B-type natriuretic peptide, Hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus, Symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus, Predictive marker, Preterm infants


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