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Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology 2008;15(1):67-74.
Published online May 1, 2008.
Perinatal outcomes according To chorionicity in Twin Gestations.
Eun Jin Choi, Hyun Jin Yun, Jae Won Huh, Su Young Hong
Department of pediatrics, IL Sin Christian Hospital, Busan, Korea. prifen@hanmail.net
쌍생아 임신의 융모막과 주산기 결과
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The purpose of this study was to assess the natural history and perinatal outcomes of twin gestations according to chorionicity.
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 99 monochorionic (MC) and 206 dichorionic (DC) twin gestations delivered at Il Sin Christian Hospital in Busan between January 2002 and December 2007. The incidences of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTS) and selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR), as well as perinatal morbidity and mortality, were evaluated.
MC twins had a lower gestational age (35.7 vs. 36.6 weeks, P=0.03) at birth and a higher incidence of intrauterine fetal loss (10% vs. 1.5%, P<0.001) than DC twins. The incidence of intrauterine fetal loss was higher in MC sIUGR than in DC sIUGR (19% vs. 2.5%, P=0.025) twins. The number of admissions to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU; 31% vs. 16%, P=0.042), and the incidence of periventricular leukomalacia (7% vs. 0%, P=0.031), and respiratory distress syndrome with surfactant treatment (27% vs. 11%, P=0.049) were higher in MC than DC twins. The incidences of sIUGR and TTS were 21 and 9% among the MC twins. The incidences of intrauterine fetal loss were higher in MC twins with TTS [6 of 9 (67%)] or sIUGR [4 of 21 (19%)] than uncomplicated MC twins (P<0.001). The frequency of admission to the NICU (P=0.001), the length of hospital stay (P=0.033), the prevalence of periventricular leukomalacia (P=0.011), and intraventricular hemorrhage (P=0.007) were also higher in MC with TTS or sIUGR than in uncomplicated MC twins.
The incidence of neonatal complications was higher in MC twins, especially those gestations complicated by TTS or sIUGR.
Key Words: Monochorionic twin, Dichorionic twin, Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, Selective intrauterine growth restriction


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