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Neonatal Med > Volume 24(3); 2017 > Article
Neonatal Medicine 2017;24(3):123-128.
DOI:    Published online August 31, 2017.
Clinical Effects of Ureaplasma urealyticum Colonization in Maternal Vaginal Fluid at Second Trimester on Neonatal Outcomes of Premature Infant ≤35 Weeks' Gestational Age.
Yea Seul Han, Sang Hoon Chun, Ji Young Chun, Tae Jung Sung
Department of Pediatrics, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between maternal genital Ureaplasma urealyticum colonization in the second trimester and the neonatal outcomes.
We studied 577 premature infants born at ≤35 weeks' gestational age (GA) at Hallym University, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital from January 2008 to December 2014. Maternal vaginal specimens were collected and polymerase chain reaction and/or culture tests were done in the second trimester of pregnancy. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: a Uu colonization-positive group (UU) and a Uu-negative (control) group. Subgroup analyses were performed in extremely premature (23–28 weeks' GA) and premature (29–35 weeks' GA) infants. Various clinical outcomes were compared.
Of 577 preterm infants, 311 were delivered with maternal Uu infection (UU, 53.9%). Mean GA (30.0±3.6 weeks vs. 31.0±3.7 weeks, P=0.010) and birth weight (1,685.6±680.4 g vs. 1,932.7±733.1 g, P=0.003) were lower in the UU group than in controls. However, there were no significant differences in GA and birth weight in extremely premature group. Premature labor (P=0.002) and histological chorioamnionitis (P=0.032) was significantly more common in the UU group, especially in mothers who delivered in third trimester (29–35 weeks' GA). In particular, the incidence of moderate-to-severe BPD was statistically higher in UU extremely premature group (60.8% vs. 32.2%) (P=0.001).
Maternal colonization with Uu was associated with an increase in premature delivery and lower birth weights. Moderate-to-severe BPD was more common in premature infants born at ≤28 weeks' GA with maternal Uu colonization.
Key Words: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia; Prematurity; Ureaplasma urealyticum


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