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Neonatal Med > Volume 21(4); 2014 > Article
Neonatal Medicine 2014;21(4):233-237.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5385/nm.2014.21.4.233    Published online November 30, 2014.
Clinical Outcome of Infants Who Underwent Tracheostomy in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: 16 years' Experience in a Single Center.
Dae Kyoon Yim, Ji Young Jeon, Ga Young Park, Si Nae Yoon, Soo Young Choi, Se In Sung, Hye Soo Yoo, Yun Sil Chang, Won Soon Park
Department of Pediatrics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. cys.chang@samsung.com
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study was designed to review the clinical outcome of infants who underwent tracheostomy in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a single center in Korea during 16 years.
METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 33 patients who underwent tracheostomy in NICU of Samsung Medical Center between January, 1997 and December, 2013. We collected data on timing, indications, clinical outcomes, and complications of tracheostomy in the study patients. We also compared these variables with those in another single center study (study A) recently showing the outcome of infants who underwent tracheostomy in a NICU of USA during 10 years.
RESULTS
The median gestational age and birth weight of the study patients were 35 weeks, and 3,200 g, respectively. Gestational age of the study patients was greater than that of study A (35 weeks vs. 27 weeks). The most common indication for tracheostomy was airway disease (69.7%) in our study. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (9%) was less frequent indication for tracheostomy in our study when compared with in the study A (41%). Granuloma formation was the most common complication of tracheostomy (48%) and decannulation was accomplished in nine patients (27.3%). Although the mortality rate was 12.1%, no patient died from tracheostomy-related complications.
CONCLUSION
Main causes of tracheostomy in our NICU are airway problems and neuromuscular diseases rather than bronchopulmonary dysplasia itself. For better clarification of clinical courses and outcomes related to tracheostomy performed in NICU in Korea, further study in a larger population will be needed.
Key Words: Tracheostomy, Neonate, Airway


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